ABOUT THE CATHEDRAL
St. Barbara┬┤s Cathedral, a gem of Perpendicular Gothic and one of the four cathedral-type structures in Central Bohemia, is, together with the Cathedral of the Assumption of our Lady and St. John the Baptist and the historical center of Kutn├í Hora, on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The beauty of this structure has been the proof of the glory and the wealth of silver Kutn├í Hora and of the deep religiousness of its creators.
The Cathedral is dedicated to virgin Barbara, early Christian martyr who is worshipped as a Holy Helper, intercessor for good death and the patron of all who have dangerous occupation, especially of the miners. It is the miners who contributed the most to the bloom of the medieval town and the building of the cathedral dedicated to their saint protector.
The beginnings of the construction dating back to the second half of the 14th century, are connected with the famous Parler┬┤s steel works. Its activities were followed by the work of a number of other genial craftsmen and builders, among others the famous Benedikt Ried. He is the author of the so-called triforium (inner gallery on the Cathedral┬┤s level), conception of unchangeable tented roofs and, of course, the rounded vaulting of the cathedral┬┤s main space.
In the middle of the 16th century, when the mines of Kutn├í Hora ran out of silver, the construction had to be temporarily terminated. The following centuries brought a wave of reconstructions and changes to the equipment especially in the baroque spirit. The current look of the Cathedral comes from the turn of the 19th and the 20th century, when extensive gothic and overall revitalization of the Cathedral was performed.
The St. Barbara┬┤s Cathedral is a varied gallery of mainly rare gothic frescoes and stone craft. However it is also marked by the traces of all generations. The nave is dominated by a Renaissance pulpit with baroque facing. The teaching and godly Jesuits equipped the Cathedral with a number of baroque altars, statues and paintings.
In the beginning of the 20th century, generous benefactors of the neo-Gothic restoration had a great number of windows decorated with stained glass, on which the painter Franti┼íek Urban depicted a number of purely Christian motifs as well as the significant events of his times. This tradition was followed in 2014 by the so far last fine arts act: stained glass with the motif of the Saint Agnes of Bohemia, who decorated the last clear window in the southern aisle of the Cathedral.